Novice Ordination Procedures

This is ordination procedure for novice.

Photo below is taken from Year End Temporary Ordination held in December 2016.

Below is the chronology for the ordination as a novice (Samanera).

Seeking forgiveness from parents/ guardian

Before ordination, the soon-to-be novice would need to seek for forgiveness from parents (if they are present) or guardians.






Above: The soon to be ordained novice is seeking forgiveness from his mother (Note: His mother has also shaved her head as she also participated in the ordination as a nun).


Hair Shaving


Above: The participant is prepared to have his head shaven. A lay participant helped to apply shampoo to his hair.


His mother (who also would be soon undergoing the nun ordination ceremony), symbolically cuts out a lock of hair from his head. It can be quite an emotional experience as the mother gave the blessing for her child to undergo ordination.




Kubah shaved the hair of the participant.



This would be followed by rubbing of turmeric paste to remove one’s impurities and unwholesomeness.


Water is then splashed on the participant. In the above, the mother helped to pour water to wash off the turmeric paste.


Ordination Day

Luang Phor Soh Phon from Wat Dhammachedi Sriphiphat, Samut Sakhon together with other monks performed the novice ordination.






The novice began by presenting a tray of offerings (flowers, etc) and respectedfully offer to the Upajjhāya (Preceptor) while prostrating himself 3 times before the Upajjhaya.



Then the novice would then kneel down, carrying the set of robes on his forearms (previously being offered), and joining hands in gesture of respect utter the Pali passages in going forth.

Then the Upajjhāya will receive the applicant’s set of robes. Having placed it in front of himself, he instructs the applicant on the basic knowledge of the Triple Gem (the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha), telling him how he can go to it for the refuge (as moral conduct, meditation and wisdom) and how he can benefit by being ordained. After that the Upajjhāya tells him to commit to memory the following five unattractive parts of the body, and after explaining the meaning and purpose of doing so, recites them in normal and reverse orders. The applicant will then repeat them after him, word by word.



The Upajjhāya now takes the Aṁsa (the shoulder-cloth worn across the left shoulder) out of the set, puts it over the applicant’s head covering his left shoulder.

He then hands back to him the rest of the robes, teaching him how to put them on. He then orders the applicant to go out and put on these robes. A Bhikkhu leaves the assembly to help him.

The applicant then carries the set of robes on the forearms as before, with hands joined in the gesture of respect, backs out (walking on his knees) to the edge of the platform/ hall before walking to a suitable place where he will put on the robes.

When he has put on the robes, he goes and prostrate three times (with, as usual the five-point prostration), the applicant, kneeling down, reciting the passages of Going for Refuge and 10 Precepts:



The Preceptor would then followed by advise to the newly ordained novice example on observance of precepts, intend and sincerity in practice. The newly novice would then pay respect and offer Sanghadana. After that, the Preceptor and senior monks would chant transferance of merit. The novice to dedicate the merits from the ordination to his parents and guardians- may they rejoice in the merits.

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