Khun Mae shared that when she first ordained, she relied on Navakovada as a guide- when she went tudong in the forest, she had only Navakovada (Thai version). She said we should study carefully and contemplate the guidelines taught – we may not be able to follow all but to do it gradually. Khun Mae said it is hard to find this book as it took her years to find the English version. As such, we would want to make it available to those who seek for this information. 

Below is a scanned copy of the book Navakovada compiled by Somdet Phra Maha Samana Chao Krom Phraya Vajirananavarorasa (standard text for the Dhamma student, 3rd Grade).

Translated from Thai to English by the late Bhikkhu Pannavaddho (Peter J Morgan) (Wat Pa Barn Tard, Udorn Thani).


Foreword i
Somdet Phra Maha Samana Chao Krom Phraya Vajirananavarorasa iii
Introduction to the 5th Siamese edition vii
Introduction to the 9th Siamese edition xi
Introduction to the 12th Siamese edition xiii
Introduction to the 1st English edition xiv
The Eight Anusasana- Admonitions 3
The Three Sikkhas- Trainings 3
The Seven Kinds of Appati- Offences 4
The Six Reasons Why Apatti are Committed 4
The 227 Patimokkha Sikkhapada- Precepts 5
The Four Parajika – Defeat 5
The 13 Sanghadisesa- Formal Meeting 5
The Two Aniyata- Indefinite 7
The 30 Nissagiya Pacittiya- Expiation with Forfeiture 8
   Civaravagga- The Section on Robes 8
   Kosiyavagga- The Section on Silk 10
   Pattavagga- The Section on Bowls 11
The 92 Pacittiya- Expiation 14
   Musavadavagga- The Section on False Speech 14
   Bhutagamavagga- The Section on Vegetation 15
   Ovadavagga- The Section on Exhortation 16
   Bhojanavagga- The Section on Food 17
   Acelakavagga- The Section on Naked Ascetics 19
   Surapanavagga- The Section on Drinking Liquor 20
   Sappanavagga- The Section on Living Beings 21
   Sahadhammikavagga- The Section on According with Dhamma 22
   Ratanavagga- The Section on Treasures 24
The Four Patidesaniya- To Be Confessed 25
The 75 Sekhiyavatta- Trainings 26
   26 Saruppa- The Section on Proper Behaviour 27
   30 Bhojanapatisamyutta- The Section on Food 28
   16 Dhammadesanapatisamyutta- The Section on Teaching Dhamma 29
   Three Pakinnaka- The Section on Miscellanny 30
The Four Adhikarana- Legal Processes 30
The Seven Adhikaranasamatha- The Settlement of Legal Processes 30
PART TWO: DHAMMA VIBHAGA- Dhamma Classified  
Textual References from Pali Sources 35
Duka- Groups of Two  
1. Dhammas Which Are of Very Great Assistance 36
2. Dhammas Which Are Lokapala- Protectors of the World 36
3. Dhammas Which Make for Gracefulness 36
4. People Whom It is Rare to Meet 36
Tika- Groups of Three  
1. The Three Ratana- Jewels 36
2. The Value of the Three Jewels 37
3. The Three Ways in Which Lord Buddha Taught 37
4. The Three Exhortations of the Lord Buddha 38
5. The Three Duccarita- Bad Ways of Behaviour 38
6. The Three Sucarita- Proper Ways of Behaviour 39
7. The Three Akusalamula- Bad Roots 40
8. The Three Kusalamula- Good Roots 40
9. The Three Sappurisapannatti- Those Things Which Worthy People Establish 40
10. The Three Apannaka Patipada- Practices Which Are Free from Faults 41
11. The Three Punnakiriyavatthu- Meritorious Fields of Action 41
12. The Three Samannalakkhana- Characteristics Common to All Sankhara 42
Catukka- Group of Four  
1. Vuddhi- Growth by Way of Dhamma 42
2. The Four Cakka- Wheels 42
3. The Four Agati- Wrong Courses 43
4. Four Dangers to Newly Ordained Bhikkhus and Samaneras 43
5. The Four Padhana- Dilligent Efforts 43
6. The Four Adhitthanadhamma- Dhammas Which Should Be Established in the Heart 44
7. The Four Iddhipada- The Four Valuable Tools Which Enable One to Reach the Goal 44
8. In Four Things One Should Not Be Careless 45
9. The Four Parisuddhisila- Purity of Moral Behaviour 46
10. The Four Arakkhammatthana- Protective Meditations 46
11. The Four Brahmavhiahara- Divine Abidings 47
12. The Four Satipatthana- Foundations of Mindfulness 47
13. The Four Dhatukammatthana- Meditation on the Elements 48
14. The Four Ariyasacca- Noble Truths 49
Pancaka- Groups of Five  
1. The Five Anantariyakamma- The Forms of Bad Kamma Which Bring Immediate Result 50
2. The Five Abhinhapaccavekkhana- Recollections to be Frequently Practised 51
3. The Five Vesarajjakaranadhamma- Dhammas Which Make for Self-Confidence 52
4. Five Qualities New Bhikkhus Should Establish 52
5. Five Qualities of a Dhammakathika- One Who Gives a Desana 52
6. Five Dhammasavananisamsa- Benefits of Listening to Dhamma 53
7. The Five Bala- Dhammas Which Are Powers 53
8. The Five Nivarana- Hindrances 54
9. The Five Khanda- Groups 54
Chakka- Groups of Six  
1. Six Kinds of Gavara- Reverence 55
2. Six Kinds of Saraniyadhamma- Dhammas Which Should be Recollected 55
3. The Six Internal Ayatana- Sense Fields 57
4. The Six External Ayatana- Sense Fields 57
5. The Six Vinnana- Sense Awareness 57
6. The Six Samphassa- Contacts 57
7. The Six Vedana- Feeling 58
8. The Six Dhatu- Elements 58
Sattaka- Groups of Seven  
1. The Seven Aparihaniyadhamma- Dhammas Which Do Not Lead to Loss But Only to Development and Gain (for Bhikkhus) 59
2. The Seven Ariyan Treasures 59
3. Seven Kinds of Sappurisadhamma- The Dhammas of the Worthy (Developed) Man 60
4. Another Seven Kinds of Sappurisadhamma 61
5. The Seven Bojjhanga- Factors Leading to Enlightenment 62
Atthaka- Groups of Eight  
1. The Eight Lokadhamma- Worldly Dhammas 63
2. The Eight Marks by Which to Decide What is Dhamma and Vinaya and What is Not 63
3. The Path (Magga) Which Has Eight Factors (Anga) 64
Navaka- Groups of Nine  
1. The Nine Mala- Stains or Blemishes 66
Dasaka- Groups of Ten  
1. The 10 Akusalakammapatha- Bad Paths of Action 66
2. The 10 Kusalakammapatha- Good Paths of Action 67
3. The 10 Punnakiriyavatthu- Fields of Meritorious Action 68
4. 10 Kinds of Dhamma upon Which a Bhikkhu Should Often Reflect 69
5. 10 Kinds of Nathakaranadhamma- Dhammas Which Are for Help and Protection 70
6. 10 Kinds of Kathavatthu- Topics Which Are Suitable for Conversation (Among Bhikkhus) 71
7. The 10 Anussati- Concepts Which One Should Recollect 72
Pakinnaka- Miscellaneous Groups  
1. The 16 Upakkilesa- Faults Which Stain One’s Character 73
2. The 37 Bodhipakkhiyadhamma- Dhammas Associated with Bodhi 74
PART THREE: GIHI PATIPATTI- The Lay Person’s Practice  
Catukka- Groups of four  
1. Four Kinds of Kammakilesa- Action Which Defile 77
2. Four Kinds of Apayamukkha- Causes Which Lead to Ruin 77
3. Four Kinds of Ditthadhammikatthapayojana- Things That Are of Value in the Present 77
4. Four Kinds of Samparayikatthapayojana- Things That Will Be of Value in the Future 78
5. Four Types of False Friends- Including Four Characteristics of Each 79
6. Four Types of True Friends- Including Characteristics of Each 80
7. Four Kinds of Sanghavatthu- Qualities Making for Amicable Association 81
8. Four Kinds of Sukha of Lay People 81
9. Four Desires Which People in the World Have and Which They Attain in the Right way with Difficulty 82
10. There Are Four Kinds of Dhamma Which Are Causes That Enable One to Attain One’s Desires (as above) 82
11. A Wealthy Family Which Cannot Retain Its Wealth for Long Because of Four Things 82
12. Four Dhammas for Lay People 83
Pancaka- Groups of Five  
1. Five Benefits Which Come from Having Wealth 83
2. The Five Sila- Precepts 84
3. Five Kinds of Micchavanijja- Trading Which is Wrong Dhamma 85
4. The Five “Wealths” (Qualities) of the Lay Devotee (Upasaka) 85
Chakka- Groups of Six  
1. The Six Directions 86
i) Mother and Father Should Be Upheld by Their Child in Five Ways 86
The Child Should Be Helped by Its Mother and Father in Five Ways 86
ii) The Acariya (Teacher) Should Be Upheld by His Pupil in Five Ways 87
iii) A Wife Should Be Upheld by Her Husband in Five Things 87
   A Husband Should Be Helped by His Wife in Five Ways 87
iv) One’s Friends Should Be Upheld by Oneself in Five Ways 88
   One Should Be Helped by One’s Friends in Five Ways 88
v) Servants Should Be Upheld by Their Master in Five Ways 88
  The Master Should Be Helped by His Servants in Five Ways 88
vi) Samanas Should Be Upheld by Their Disciples in Five Ways 89
  The Samanas Should Help Their Disciples in Six Ways 89
2. The Six Apayamukha – Causes of Ruin 90
i) Drinking Intoxicating Liquors Is Bad in Six Ways 90
ii) Wandering Abroad at Night is Bad in Six Ways 90
iii) Watching Shows is Bad in Six Ways Because of the Nature of What is Seen 90
iv) Gambling Is Bad in Six Ways 91
v) Having Bad People as Friends is Bad Because of Following Them in Six Ways 91
vi) Being Lazy in Doing Work Is Bad in Six Ways 91
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